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中国古代雕塑的特点

文章出处:新闻资讯 人气:9发表时间:2022-08-05

中国古代雕塑是中国古代艺术精华,中国古代雕塑在题材内容、形式风格、雕塑技法,以及所使用的材质上都具有鲜明浓郁的民族特色、时代特色。

Ancient Chinese sculpture is the essence of ancient Chinese art. Ancient Chinese sculpture has distinctive national and contemporary characteristics in theme, content, form and style, sculpture techniques, and materials used.



装饰性是中国古代雕塑孕育于工艺美术所带来的胎记,无论是人物还是动物,也无论是明器艺术、宗教造像还是建筑装饰雕刻,都普遍反映着传统悠久的装饰趣味。

Decorative is the birthmark of ancient Chinese sculpture, which was conceived in the arts and crafts. Whether it is figures or animals, whether it is Mingqi art, religious statues or architectural decorative sculpture, it generally reflects the traditional decorative taste with a long history.



中国古代雕塑和绘画是一对同胞兄弟,都孕育于原始工艺美术。从彩陶时代起,塑绘便互相补充、紧密结合。到二者都成熟之后,仍然“塑形绘质”,在雕塑上加彩(专业术语称作“妆銮”)以提高雕塑的表现能力。

Ancient Chinese sculpture and painting are a pair of brothers, both of whom were conceived in the primitive arts and crafts. Since the era of painted pottery, plastic painting has been complementary and closely integrated with each other. After both of them are mature, they still "shape and paint quality", adding color to the sculpture (called "makeup Luan" in professional terms) to improve the performance of the sculpture.



西方雕塑从古希腊时期起,就努力摹仿再现自然,写实性极强。中国雕塑和绘画很迟才脱离工艺美术的母体而独立门户。在漫长的几千年间,它们只是工艺美术品的两种装饰手段。

Since ancient Greece, Western sculpture has tried to imitate and reproduce nature, which is highly realistic. It was very late for Chinese sculpture and painting to break away from the matrix of Arts and crafts and become an independent portal. For thousands of years, they were only two decorative means of Arts and crafts.



装饰不求再现,只追求表现物象,因此发育出中国雕塑与绘画的共同品格——不求肖似(高度写实地再现自然),形成了高度的意象性特点。

Decoration does not seek to reproduce, but only to express the image, so it has developed the common character of Chinese sculpture and painting - not seeking Xiao Xiang (highly realistic reproduction of nature), forming a high degree of image characteristics.

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